Sundarbans National Park is listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The Sundarbans National Park has also been enlisted among the finalists in the New 7 wonders of the Nature. On 01.02.2019 The Indian Sunderbans National Park has received the prestigious 'Wetlands of Importance' tag under UNESCO Ramsar Convention of Wetlands, making it the largest protected wetland in the country. More details of this is published by Sunday Tmes given below:
The Sundarban National Park is a collection of 54 small islands, and a vast mangrove forest in the costal region of the Bay of Bengal. It is considered one of the natural wonders of the world. Located in the Delta region of the Ganges, Meghna, Padma, and Bramhaputra river basins. The Sundarbans contains the worlds largest coastal mangrove forest with an area of about 10,000 sq. kms, of which only 4,000 sq. kms is in India.
Flora - Sundarban has achieved its name from the Sundari Trees. It is the most exquisite variety of tree that are found in this area, a special kind of Mangrove tree. It has specialised roots called pneumatophore which emerge above ground and help in gaseous exchange i.e. respiration. During the rainy season when the entire forest is waterlogged, the spikes rising from the ground has their peak in the air and helps in the respiration process.
Fauna - The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The royal Bengal tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating tendencies. Tigers can be seen on the river banks sunbathing between November and February. Apart from the Bengal tiger, Fishing cats, Leopard cats, Macaques, Wild boar, Indian grey mongoose, Fox, Jungle cat, Flying fox, Pangolin, Chital, are also found in abundance in the Sundarbans. Sunderbans is also home to more than 100 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles and innumerable aquatic fauna.
Sajnekhali Watch Tower is counted among the most renowned watch towers in the park. The major attractions in this region are Bono Bibi Temple, Mangrove Interpretation Center and the tourist lodge of the Bengal Tourism Department. This watch tower makes exploring the wilderness fun and easy. Especially, the bird lovers get a special spectacle of avifauna species such as Pelican, Kingfishers, Plovers, Lap Wings, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Whimprel, Curfews, and Sandpipers.
Sudhanyakhali Watch tower is the perfect place from where a wildlife freak can spot a tiger. The watch tower can hold 25 people at a time. There is a pond having sweet water behind the watch tower. Wild animals use to come and drink water at this point. There is vast grassland behind the pond which endows an invigorating site of the wilds. Other than the tigers, one can also spot other wildlife species such as crocodiles, wild boars and axis deer.
This watch tower renders canopy walk that a tourist can carry out to view the riveting flora and fauna. This canopy walk is at an elevation of 20 feet from the ground and is about half a kilometer in length. Apart from tigers, tourists may also encounter Bahmini Kites and Chital Deer.
Non-Contesting Delegates will tour these spots on 16.03.2019 at the time of Jungle Radio Survival Contest.